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This was the commission that my dad, William Henry Thomas, D/SKX852141, served on HMS Gambia as Stoker Mechanic.
Among the places visited on the 1950/2 commission were Gibraltar, Benghazi, Alexandria, Port Said, Beirut, Famagusta, Athens, Marmarice, Khyrosokon Bay, Kyrenia, Taormina, Taranto, Toulon, Marseilles, Golfe Juan, Anzio, Cagliari, Trieste, Malta, Dragomesti, Arancie Bay, Bizerta, Tunis, Aden, Berbera, Bahrein (this was a common spelling in the 1950s for Bahrain), Kuwait, Larnaca, Limassol, Suda Bay, Canal Zone, Karachi, Bombay, Cochin (Kochi), Colombo, Rangoon, Brindisi, Navarin and, of course, Trincomalee.
During this time the captain was V. D. A. Donaldson and the Commander was R. F. Phillimore, MBE, DSC.
John Eilbeck reported in the HMS Ganges Association Gazette that sometime in 1949 to 1950 that some modifications were made to HMS Gambia for the comfort of the crew:
Three cruisers of the Royal Navy, the Swiftsure, Ceylon and Gambia had been refitted and a number of comforts and amenities fitted. All electric bakeries and galleys, refrigerated stowage for fresh fruit and veg, drinking water coolers and ice cream soda bars (the Goffa machine). Bathrooms updated, stainless steel wash-basins, each with a hot and cold water supply, and with shaving light and mirror over each basin. The Laundry extended (more space for ex-patriot Mainland China dhobymen), cinema and SRE provided.
"The Navy" of January and March 1952 published two short articles about HMS Gambia. "The Navy" was published by The Navy League, Royal Exchange Building, 54a Pitt Street, Sydney, N.S.W., Australia.
Mediterranean Fleet Manoevres with Greek Navy
Late in September. 1951, a squadron of the Mediterranean Fleet composed of the cruiser HMS Gambia, four frigates, two submarines and one submarine depot ship under the command of Vice-Admiral P. B. R. W. William-Powlett, C.B., C.B.E., D.S.O., carried out joint manoeuvres in the Aegean with ships of the Royal Hellenic Navy. The exercises, under Greek command, was watched by King Paul of Greece from the Greek flagship "Panther". The two forces practiced submarine and convoy evolutions, defence against air attacks and harbour defence in Suda Bay, Crete. The Royal Hellenic Air Force co-operated.
P.M. Pays Tribute to Royal Navy's Work in Middle East
The importance of the Navy's work was acknowledged by the Prime Minister (Mr. Churchill) as HMS Gambia (Captain L. F. Durnford-Slater, R.N.) was returning to Malta on completion of a month's period of strenuous duty at Port Said. He asked the First Sea Lord (Admiral of the Fleet Lord Fraser of North Cape, G.C.B., K.B.E.) to compliment the ship on her good work. "I do so with pleasure, knowing how well the Royal Navy as a whole is getting on with its special tasks in the Canal area," the First Sea Lord signalled to Naval headquarters at Malta, and in passing the message to the Gambia the Commanderin-Chief, Mediterranean (Admiral Sir John Edelsten , K.C.B., C.B.E ), added the words "Well done."
This was on this commission that my dad, William Henry Thomas, D/SKX852141, served on HMS Gambia as Stoker Mechanic. Dad was born on October 21, 1930 and volunteered for 12 years service in the Royal Navy on February 3, 1948, he was accepted for Special Service and started training on May 13. Special Service meant he signed for seven years with the Fleet and five years in the RNR always on immediate call. Duncan Sands, the defence minister in about 1958 gave everyone in the RNR a voluntary discharge but placed them in another reserve, the only difference was that they didn't get paid the princely sum of one shillings and sixpence a week which they got in RNR.
From his Certificate of Service he trained on HMS Royal Arthur, Raleigh and Drake as a stoker, from there he went to HMS Wrangler as Stoker Mechanic in 1949, joining HMS Gambia in 1950 for two years. He became a Royal Navy Swimming Instructor in 1951 and got his first Good Conduct badge on October 21, 1952. In 1953 he joined HMS Warrior, becoming an Engineering Mechanic. He also spent nearly a year, between his time on HMS Gambia and HMS Warrior, at HMS Orion.
HMS Orion was originally a cruiser, but was scrapped in 1949. The name passed to the whole of the Reserve Fleet in Devonport dockyard and the operation was run from two ships berthed at the Saltash end of the dockyard. The monitor HMS Roberts was the administrative headquarters with HMS Dodman Point berthed alongside her for accommodation. Dodman Point was an old depot ship. Usually, a draft chit to the Reserve Fleet meant that sailors were waiting for another seagoing ship, or another foreign commission.
His time was spent with the Mediterranean and Far Eastern Fleet, as a result he visited most of the Southern European nations, France, Portugal, Spain, Italy, Sicily, Germany and Austria, the countries along the Adriatic coast - obviously not Yugoslavia (it was communist) but Greece, Crete and Malta. Through the Suez Canal to Egypt and Saudi Arabia. Around the Indian Ocean to Pakistan and India, Ceylon (Sri Lankra) and Thailand. Into the Pacific and the Sea of Japan for Hong Kong, Korea, Vietnam and Japan. He also took the long way around Africa, Crossing the Line on the way round the Cape.
On July 20, 1955 received the UN Korea and Korean medals for his service there on HMS Warrior. Although he signed up for twelve years, defence cuts meant his service was reduced and he was discharged from service on October 21, 1955 having spent very nearly 7 and a half years in the Royal Navy.
The following photos come from the albums of his time on HMS Gambia, with some from other sources as illustrations and reference.
Some Egyptian factions merely tolerated the English and other Allies in Egypt during WWII. After the war was over feelings began to change towards the Allies and although the Egyptian Royal family remained friendly towards Britain, the Government didn't. In 1952 things came to head when the Prime Minister, Nahas Pasha, repealed the 1936 treaty which gave the British control of the Suez Canal. King Farouk dismissed the prime minister, starting anti-British riots which were put down by the Egyptian army.
In November 2001, Ray Holden very kindly sent me this email :-
I served on HMS Liverpool the Flagship of 1st Cruiser Squadron in the Med in 1951. Gambia was another ship in our squadron and we very often worked together on exercises. In early 1952 HMS Mauritius was on her way back to UK from the Far East and the troubles in Egypt blew up as she was going through the Suez Canal. She was retained at Port Said to protect Navy House. She was relieved two weeks later by HMS Liverpool and it was our job to protect merchant ships who sailed through the canal in the form of boarding parties, our marines guarded Navy House. After a three month stint we were relieved by HMS Gambia.
The Canberra Times of Thursday, September 28, 1950 describes the visit of the Mediterranean Fleet to Turkey and Greece.
The text reads:
Visits to Turkey and Greece
The traditional series of courtesy visits and social occasions punctuated this year's summer cruise of the Royal Navy's Mediterranean Fleet. King Paul of Greece visited the British warships during their stay in Greek waters and the Fleet's annual regatta was staged in the Bay of Marmarice during the visit to Turkey.
The Commander-in Chief, Admiral Sir John Edelsten, flew his flag in HMS "Gambia". Rear Admiral C T M Pizey was in the ciuiser "Phoebe" and Rear-Admiral G Grantham in the 13,000-ton light fleet carrier "Glory"
The Aegean and The Levant
While in Greek waters among islands which the classically-minded do not hesitate to call the most beautiful m the world British and Greek warships took part in combined exercises The Turkish Fleet, its flagship the elderly battle-cruiser "Yavuz", was already in the Bay of Marmarice when the Mediterranean fleet steamed in. The background of tree-clad hills, the tiny white buildings, and the deep blue water made a picture little changed since the time St. Paul sailed this Asia Minor coast
One of the exercises during this year's cruise was a beach landing called 'Exercise Bandit'. Supported by the guns of the Fleet, a Royal Naval landing party attacked and reduced an eminence given as occupied by bandits.
[The images are not good enough to reproduce but the text to them is:]
(Above) H M S Phoebe (backgound) and the light fleet carrier Glory enter the Bay of Marmarice for the Fleet s annual regatta
(Below) The Turkish flagship Yavuz fires a salute as the Mediterranean Fleet enters Marmarice during the 1950 summer cruise
A radio operator maintains communication between the ships and the landing patty during "Exercise. Bandit".
In the fierce Mediterranean sun, a landing party from H.M.S. "Chivalrous" advances along the beach against a position held by "bandits"
Alan L. Clements (Clem) was born in 1921 and joined the Royal Navy as a boy-apprentice at Fisgard from the Royal Hospital School in 1936 but was drafted to HMS Caledonia, Rosyth in 1937. The apprenticeship was shortened on the outbreak of war and he went to HMS Defiance at Devonport before getting HMS Duke of York as his first ship. He got into missiles in 1952 and went to Woomera, South Australia to continue R&D with GEC on Seaslug & Seadart. Alan served 22 years and was pensioned in September 1961 when he moved to Adelaide.
These images come from Alan who was an Electrical Artificer on the HMS Gambia's 1950/2 commission:
Some of the photos mention the Vernon Club in St James's Bastion, Valletta, Malta. Only the outer facade of the building now survives. When Malta gained independence in 1964, the Maltese Government decided to establish a central bank, and in July 1968, the Bank acquired the Vernon Club on St James Bastion in Valletta. The outer facade was kept, but the inside of the building was redesigned, gutted and rebuilt. The new building opened in February 1971. The Central Bank of Malta website has a history of the building.
The Barrakka Lift is an interesting structure. It was built in 1905. The original lift closed in 1973 and was dismantled in 1983. In 2009 plans were drawn up for a new lift and building started in 2010 and it was opened in 2012.
Alan 'Striker' Goodwin served on HMS Gambia from December 30, 1949 to September 29, 1952. His grandson, Steve McAllister, very kindly sent the following photographs.
Denys Powell served on HMS Gambia from 1949 to 1952 as a Stoker Mechanic. In December 2002, his daughter, Anita Neads, very kindly sent these photos to me.
There was a lot of rough play during the Fleet Regattas for the Cock of the Fleet trophy. Bernard Mouzer, OBE RVM, served on HMS Phoebe during her 1948-1951 commission and sent me the following letter about the 1950 regatta he sent to his wife.
The Regatta this year is being spread over two days with the small ships competing on the first day. The two New Zealand ships win most of their races. With their Maori rowers they are very formidable opposition. But the main contest is on the second day between the bigger ships, Forth, Gambia, Glory and ourselves. Although we are the smallest of the four, with the smallest complement to choose crews from, we fancy ourselves to win the Cock. In the evening before our race I go to the cinema in the waist to see "Under Capricorn."
Wednesday 12. 7.50 is probably the most memorable day of the commission. Phoebe wins the Regatta and is the Cock of the Fleet. We are already looking forward to steaming into Grand Harbour with the huge plywood cock in its prominent place on B turret and of course the Skipper receiving the silver cock trophy from the Admiral.
Phoebe wins quite comfortably. Out of the 8 Seamen's boats we come fourth and our A whaler comes first. So as well as a sore bottom and horny hands I now have a certain amount of satisfaction. Times are faster than last year and the competition keener, encouraged by the New Zealanders.
They (the New Zealanders) are different to us. It can be said for them that they are tremendously high spirited and good humoured and that they go all out to enjoy themselves. However, because of their high spirits they run away with themselves and become hooligans. They're excused a bit because amongst the hooliganism there is nothing but good humour. They don't get nasty. But by nature they're rough and physically they're big, well developed and extremely healthy.
Imagine therefore the consequences when foraging parties from the New Zealand ships come in the black night to pinch our Cock. The wooden one illuminated on B turret. There were also parties from other ships, notably Gambia and Forth. The Captain himself piped "Stand by to Repel Boarders" and when we got up top he was standing on the quarterdeck, drenched to the skin, clad in formal dinner attire, heaving spuds and shouting, "Rally round Phoebes!" All the hoses were going, all the officers were drenched and mostly drunk – spuds, red lead bombs, paint, buckets of gash, and still the Kiwis came. Up the gangway, up the anchor cable, up the booms and in through the ports. They were beaten, drenched, painted and then chucked over the side only to shout back in defiance, "We'll be back you jokers" and back they'd come.
The bridge was teeming with them. One of them was thrown off the flag deck onto an awning and then over the foc'sle. A couple were taken to sick bay but thanks to good providence nobody was seriously hurt. One cheeky b climbed in through a port, put all the plugs in the officers bathroom, turned all the taps on, took all the tap tops off and stowed them in a wine box. All the cabins in that region were flooded. What a laugh! One of them pinched one of the Captain's brass dolphins ( huge things) dived over the side with it and put it in his boat as booty. How he managed to swim with it I don't know.
At the height of it all the Captain had "The Cease Fire" sounded and everything stopped as suddenly as it started. A bedraggled officer from another ship still in his formal dinner dress, dragged himself up the gangway from where he had been heaved over the side and said, "Now I can go ahead with the social call I came to pay!" On the other side of the ship, in Hawea's boat a New Zealander in trunks, covered from head to foot in black paint, wiping himself on our tiddly cotton duck gangway screen said, "Three Cheers for Phoebe. We'll be back about three!"
Well not much happened after that except to pick all the blokes out of the water, and this morning we cleared up the mess. There were spuds, red lead, paint and in big black letters painted on the stern, "Gambia." Now we are shipshape again and it's all over. I know that it is all foolish hooliganism but I can't help admiring the Kiwis for their good humour and gameness. It helped to pass the time and no harm has been done except to the Instructor Lieutenant who has got a black eye. I am so pleased. (He is the man who upset me by being so unhelpful about my request for a correspondance course).
Ken Booth wrote in November 2002
The Gambia was waiting in Bombay in February '52 to go across to Mombassa to escort Princess Elizabeth and Phillip to Australia after their holiday in Kenya, but when the King died they flew home. We then became permanent members of the East Indies fleet until we sailed for home via the Med. where we took the trophy "Cock of the Fleet" as we passed through. It was hard work for those competing boats crews though.
I'm not sure if this is the correct year, but it seems to fit here as well as anywhere else as Walter (Tom or Tommo) Thomas remembered the collision with HMS Phoebe on Monday, October 16, 1950.
In July 2002, I got an email from Karen Thomas who provided some information about her grandad Walter (Tom or Tommo) Thomas. She wrote that:
He served on as a Royal Marine with 40 Commando from May 1946 to February 1960. His service number was PO/X662.
He served aboard the Gambia for around 2½ years. Whilst he was on board there was another Marine killed. His name was Paddy Bray and he was squashed. Also, whilst he was aboard the Gambia it ran into a ship that was passing mail. The mail ship pulled ahead in front of the Gambia and they collided. She had to go back into dry-dock in Malta for repairs.
He was aboard the Vanguard for around 14 months. 1948 - 1949 approx. The Vanguard was due to take King George VI to Australia but the plans changed at the last minute as he became ill.
He had a particularly friend, Ronald (Tex) King, who left at the same time as Tom. Tex bought himself out and was last known to be planning to live in Australia.
The collision Karen mentions would have been the one HMS Gambia had with HMS Phoebe on Monday, October 16, 1950.
I didn't think anything of it at the time, but recently did some research. Royal Marine E. T. Bray did not die on HMS Gambia but on HMS Vanguard. Returning to Grand Harbour, Malta on October 21, 1948, Bray was crushed between a 5.2 inch gun turret and another part of the ship. Bray was aged just 20 and his mother, Mrs Margaret Bray, lived at School House, Monkstown, County Durham. Bray is buried in in Kalkara Naval Cemetery, Malta.
There have been eleven ships named HMS Vanguard. Some of the ships had some nasty accidents. The 8th HMS Vanguard was sunk on August 27, 1875 after a collision with her sister ship, HMS Iron Duke. The 9th, suffered a magazine explosion on July 9, 1917. She sank almost instantly, with the loss of 843 of the 845 men aboard. The 11th HMS Vanguard is a nuclear-powered Trident ballistic missile-armed submarine. On February 4, 2009, the submarine collided with the French submarine Triomphant in the Atlantic.